Cultivate Your Reading Habit
We may say with certainty that the more one reads, the better one unde rstands ; and that the better one understands, the more one is inclined to read. In other words, from reading comes understanding, and from understanding comes more reading. The reading habit is actually cultivated by reading itself.
Now let us discuss the question of what to read. There are books on various subjects — history, literature, philosophy, science, fine arts, etc. When you are to choose from among a vast number of subjects the best books to read, you will feel quite at sea. I therefore suggest that, before you proceed to read any book, you try to find out what others have done before you, that is read the results of other people's labour first. Usually newspapers or magazines are always your convenient guide to the world of best writings.
Another problem is how to read. Here, I would offer two suggestions: concent ration and reflection. You cannot well unde rstand what is said in book s unless you concent rate your mind on what you read. And then you must think over what you have read. This is reflection which helps to s ummarize your reading . To a great extent , concentration and reflection are interdependent.
A reading habit thus formed will prove valuable to you. Whenever you have spare time, you will resort not to places of pleasure, but to the bookshelves, you will not feel lonesome when you are alone, because you can see all kinds of characters moving and acting on the pages, and you can hear all kinds of good counsel. In the long run, your imaginative power will beinc reased, your esthetic sensibility heightened, your vocabulary enlarged, and finally your ability of writing tremendously improved.
· Reading — understanding — reading more
· What to read — problems and suggestions
* Select reading materials
* Learn from others
· How to read
* Concent ration
* No loneliness
* More imaginative power
* Larger vocabulary
* Better esthetic sensibility
* Improved writing ability
本文是一篇说明文，旨在说明如何培养阅读习惯。第一段引言部分围绕“ 阅读—理解—阅读”的必然关系展开，主题句在段尾“阅读习惯实际上是通过阅读本身培养起来的。”第二、三段分别阐明“读什么”和“如何读”这两个问题，这是本文的主体。最后一段以“ 养成阅读习惯带来的好处”而结尾。全文层次感强，有说服力，促使人们试着去做。
say with certainty = definitely say
be inclined to + v . 趋向于
feel at sea 感到茫然
proceed to + v . 进行
concent ration and reflection 集中注意和思考反省
concent rate one's mind on . . . 注意力集中在....
think over = consider
summarize v . 总结
to a . . . extent 在...程度上
interdependent a . 互为依存
resort to + n . 常去..
not feel lonesome when alone 独处时不感到孤独
all kinds of char acter s moving and acting on the pages 各种人物的活动和表演跃然纸上
in the long run 长远来看
estheticsen sibility heightened 审美能力提高了