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608该如何扩大英语词汇量?

外教一对一课程领取私人定制英语学习方法

12019-01-08 15:01:26

不管是英语或其他语言,要想增加词汇量就需要付出努力。将新词写成一张长长的清单并不是一种提高词汇量的有效方式。本文中介绍的技巧会帮助你扩大词汇量,但你自己也需要投身其中,研究和扩大词汇量。


1. Vocabulary Trees
词汇树

Vocabulary trees help provide context. Once you've mapped out a few vocabulary trees, you'll discover yourself thinking in vocabulary groups. When you see a cup your mind will quickly relate such words as knife, fork, plate, dishes, etc.
词汇树可以为你提供一个语境。当你绘制出词汇树时,你会发现自己开始对词汇群进行思考。当你看见一个杯子时,脑海中就会很快想到相关词语,如knife(小刀),fork(叉子),plate(碟子),dishes(餐具)等词。



2. Create Vocabulary Themes
创造词汇主题

Create a list of vocabulary themes, include the vocabulary, a definition and an example sentence for each new item.
列出一个词汇主题的列表,包括词汇、定义以及每个词语对应的例子。


3. Use Technology to Help You
利用科技

Watching DVDs is a great way to help you understand native speakers of English. Using all the fancy optionswatching individual scenes can help make DVD use into a vocabulary learning exercise.
看DVD是一个帮助你听懂英语母语者说话的好方法。精心选择一些单独的场景,可以帮助你将观看DVD作为一种练习词汇的方式。


4. Specific Vocabulary Lists
专门的词汇列表

Rather than studying a long list of unrelated vocabulary, use specific vocabulary lists to help you prepare for the type of vocabulary you need for work, school or hobbies.
比起将不相关的词汇做成一张长长的列表来学习,专门的词汇列表可以帮助你对工作、学习或爱好中所需的词汇进行针对性的准备。


5. Word Formation Charts
构词表

Word formation is one of the keys to success for advanced level ESL learners. Advanced level English exams such as the TOEFL, First Certificate CAE and Proficiency use word formation as one of the key testing elements.
构词法是高级ESL(非英语母语课程)学习者取得成效的重要方法之一。一些高级英语考试,如托福、英语证书考试都将构词法列入重要考点。


6. Learn Collocations
学会搭配

Collocations refer to words that often or always go together. A good example of a collocation is to do your homework.
搭配指的是经常一起出现的词语。举一个典型的例子:to do your homework

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