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新闻万花筒:BBC视角之中美科学家们欲解密什么是爱情

1 522 分享 来源:必克英语 2015-03-24

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Love needs bodies to make it incarnate, and it has to be incarnate to be Love.

Good morning,

It’s the most searched for phrase on Google. And was a hit record for dance act Haddaway in the early 90’s. And now, a team of scientists from China and the US have been attempting to find some answers to one of humanity’s most enduring questions: What is love?

Using MRI scans to track the physical effects of love on the brain, researchers monitored three groups of students: those who were ‘in love’, those who had recently ended relationships, and those who had never been in love. The study claims to have successfully obtained evidence of alterations in brain function. With those ‘in love’ showing increased brain activity especially in the parts that deal with emotion regulation and social cognition.

It could be claimed the data demonstrates the power of love to change us. But does an observable increase of serotonin, pheromones and dopamine tell us more about love than, say, the song Love Is The Drug? In fact, if you want to know what love is, you could ask a musician. Since the charts began 60% of the top ten hits have been about love and it’s been variously described as ‘all you need, blind, a crazy little thing, and deeper than a river and higher than a mountain.

Love it seems needs more than one word to define it. The Greeks helpfully supplied a few: giving us philia to describe the intimacy between friends; agape for a selfless kind of love, and eros to describe romantic-sexual love. Whilst it’s probably the latter that keeps rock stars in royalty cheques and even scientists conducting brain scans, there are clearly other kinds of love worth singing about as well as analysing.

Back in the 80’s the writer Scott Peck made a distinction between being ‘in love’ and ‘love,’ describing ‘in love’ as a feeling that is spontaneous, effortless and temporary whilst ‘love’ involved an action that was deliberate, demanding and lasting. It’s much more than a passing feeling. It involves commitment, a steadiness: ‘an ever fix-ed mark that looks on tempests and is never shaken.’

The philosophers, poets and prophets have all been nudging us closer to a fuller, more mature understanding of what Love might be. But even among the most eloquent, there is no single description that covers it; just as for science there is no irreducible formulae. Nothing we can locate, put under a microscope and say ‘Eureka, I’ve found love!’

Perhaps the scientists are measuring the wrong thing. Maybe the real evidence of love’s activity can’t be scanned. For it’s found in the millions of hidden actions of giving and receiving that take place between people every day. The commandment ‘Love God with all your heart mind and soul and your neighbour as yourself’ makes no sense without somebody to love and the somebody who loves. Love needs bodies to make it incarnate, and it has to be incarnate to be Love.

 

词汇解析

evident

难度:3星常用词汇,属常用6000词

英汉解释

adj.明白的;明显的

参考例句

用作形容词 (adj.)

Now it became evident that he spoke two languages at once.

现在我才明白,原来他心里一套表面一套。

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regulation

难度:3星常用词汇,属常用6000词

英汉解释

n.管理;规章;规则

adj.规定的

参考例句

用作名词 (n.)

From now on any violation of the regulation must be cruelly punished.

今后任何违反秩序的行为会受到严厉惩罚。

用作形容词 (adj.)

Please use envelopes of the regulation size.

请用尺寸大小符合规定的信封。

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define

难度:4星核心词汇,属常用3000词

英汉解释

v.规定;限定;定义;解释

参考例句

用作动词 (v.)

We should clearly define the scope of our research.

我们应该明确规定我们的研究范围。

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latter

难度:4星核心词汇,属常用3000词

英汉解释

adj.后者的;后面的

参考例句

用作形容词 (adj.)

I prefer the former design to the latter.

比起后者的设计方案,我更喜欢前者的。

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whilst

难度:3星常用词汇,属常用6000词

英汉解释

conj.<英>当 ... 时;尽管

参考例句

用作连词 (conj.)

He had many elegancies of his own, whilst he scoffed at conventional elegance.

他本人便具备很多优雅,尽管他在讥笑常规的优雅。

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mature

难度:4星核心词汇,属常用3000词

英汉解释

adj.成熟的;(保单)到期的;考虑周到的

v.成熟;长成

参考例句

用作形容词 (adj.)

This is the most mature of his plays.

这是他最成熟的一部剧作。

用作动词 (v.)

Girls mature earlier than boys.

女孩比男孩成熟得早些。

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microscope

难度:3星常用词汇,属常用6000词

英汉解释

n.显微镜

参考例句

用作名词 (n.)

He focuses the lens of a microscope.

他调整显微镜的透镜以定焦点。

 

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