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新闻万花筒:VOA视角之全球疫苗免疫联盟目标:数百万计儿童接种疫苗

1 1818 分享 来源:必克英语 2015-01-28

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Gavi's Goal: Vaccinate Millions More Children

Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance is seeking funds to extend its early childhood vaccine program in developing countries. Gavi's CEO says he's confident the organization's $7.5 billion goal can be reached.

Even as the organization works to increase vaccinations around the world, in the U.S., some parents are rejecting vaccines for their children. One result is a measles outbreak that started in southern California. So far, 68 people, including young children, have gotten measles.

It started in Disneyland, often portrayed as the "happiest place on earth." Since January 1 it's also been known as ground zero of a measles outbreak in the U.S. that may have far-reaching consequences.

Measles is highly contagious. It can rob a child of hearing, vision, intellect and even life. Yet a significant number of American parents - including many in California - are choosing not to vaccinate their children.

They cite concerns about side effects, including autism. But there is no link between autism and the vaccine, say specialists like Dr. Martha Rivera.

"There's no risk of autism - that was disproven.. ..all the fear factors have been taken away," she said.

Some of the world's top infectious disease experts say vaccines are not only medically effective, they are cost-effective, eliminating the financial burden of treating preventable diseases. Dr. Anthony Fauci addressed the issue in an earlier interview with VOA.

"If you had to pick out one intervention, if you balance the investment that you make in the research and the implementation and the health benefits, vaccines have to be at either the top of the list or very much on the short list," he said.

Dr. Seth Berkley agrees.

"Vaccines are among the most effective and cost-effective interventions that exist," he said.

In Somalia, vaccination programs are a cause for celebration. Since it was founded 15 years ago, Gavi estimates it has immunized more than 500 million children and, as a result, saved more than six million young lives around the world. Gavi is looking to immunize more than 300 million children in the next few years.

Meanwhile, in the U.S., experts say childhood diseases have become rare because vaccines are so effective. In this sense, vaccines are a victim of their own success.

词汇解析

horror

难度:3星常用词汇,属常用6000词

英汉解释

n.恐怖;战栗;厌恶;震惊

adj.恐怖的

参考例句

用作名词 (n.)

At the sight of the snake, he drew back in horror.

一瞧见那蛇,他便吓得缩了回来。

用作形容词 (adj.)

She doesn't like to watch horror films.

她不喜欢看恐怖电影。

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collection

难度:4星核心词汇,属常用3000词

英汉解释

n.收集;收取,托收;聚集;收藏品;募捐

参考例句

用作名词 (n.)

The collection of these stamps took ten years.

收集这些邮票花了十年时间。

The firm contributed 10,000 to the collection.

公司拿出10,000元做为募捐。

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sensitive

难度:4星核心词汇,属常用3000词

英汉解释

adj.灵敏的;敏感的;感光的;易受伤害的;善解人意的

n.敏感的人

参考例句

用作形容词 (adj.)

The film is coated with light sensitive chemicals, which are change by the different shades and colors of light.

胶卷上涂了一层感光的化学物质,这些物质因光的不同色度与颜色而改变。

Wear rubber gloves if you have very sensitive skin.

如果你的皮肤容易受伤的话,就带上橡胶手套。

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satellite

难度:4星核心词汇,属常用3000词

英汉解释

n.卫星;人造卫星

参考例句

用作名词 (n.)

The bbc is hooked up with Australian television by satellite.

英国广播公司通过卫星与澳大利亚电视实行联播。

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airplane

难度:2星扩展词汇,属常用10000词

英汉解释

n.飞机

=aeroplane(英).

参考例句

用作名词 (n.)

The boom of the airplane was damaged.

飞机的尾桁受到损害。

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religious

难度:4星核心词汇,属常用3000词

英汉解释

adj.宗教的;虔诚的;严谨的;信奉宗教的

参考例句

用作形容词 (adj.)

Secular music refers to music which is not religious.

世俗音乐是指非宗教的音乐。

He was religious in his attendance at class.

他上课仔细听讲,毫不分心。

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device

难度:4星核心词汇,属常用3000词

英汉解释

n.装置;设备;策略;设计

参考例句

用作名词 (n.)

The data logger device has been fitted to ship's engine room.

数字记录仪装置已安装在船只的机舱里。

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