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新闻万花筒:VOA视角之华盛顿周刊-关注乌克兰危机

1 1876 分享 来源:必克英语 2015-02-09

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Washington Week: Focus on Ukraine Crisis

The coming week will see continued focus on the crisis in Ukraine, beginning with President Barack Obama hosting German Chancellor Angela Merkel at the White House later Monday. It remains to be seen whether a renewed international push for peace in Ukraine will bear fruit, and whether the United States will send lethal military assistance to Kyiv.

As Ukrainian forces battle pro-Russian rebels, the leaders of Russia, Ukraine, France, and Germany spoke by telephone to discuss a Franco-German plan to revive a shattered peace effort. The leaders are expected to meet in Minsk, Belarus Wednesday in hopes of restoring last year’s cease-fire that never fully took hold and broke down entirely in recent weeks.

At a security conference in Munich, Secretary of State John Kerry said the United States and its allies are united in backing Ukraine.

“We will stand together in support of Ukraine and in defense of the common understanding that international borders must not, cannot, be changed by force in Europe or anywhere else,” said Kerry.

Other officials stressed the need for dialogue. Germany’s foreign minister said, “permanent security in Europe can only come with Russia, not against Russia,” while France’s foreign minister said, “nobody wants to get trapped in a raging war that is in no one’s interest.”

Kerry denied any split between the United States and its major allies on Ukraine.

“I keep hearing people trying to create one (a division)," he said. "We are united, we are working closely together. We all agree the challenge will not end through military force. We are united in diplomacy. But the longer it takes, the more the off-ramps (solutions) are avoided, the more we will be forced to raise the costs on Russia and its proxies.”

The time has come to back up such words with concrete actions, according to Republican U.S. Senator John McCain, who says Russian President Vladimir Putin “wants to dominate Ukraine.”

“Some say that Ukraine cannot defeat Russia militarily," said McCain. "That is the wrong question. The right question is, if we help Ukrainians increase the military cost to the Russian forces that have invaded their country - how long can Putin sustain a war that he tells his people is not happening? That is why we must provide defensive arms to Ukraine.”

So far, the Obama administration has neither committed to nor ruled out lethal military assistance to Ukraine, an option that to date has public backing only in Washington and Kyiv.

词汇解析

exposure

难度:3星常用词汇,属常用6000词

英汉解释

n.暴露;揭露;胶片;曝光时间;(在电视、报纸等媒体上的)亮相;挨冻

参考例句

用作名词 (n.)

The girl is very pleased to take exposure on TV singing program.

这个女孩对在电视歌唱节目上露面非常高兴。

He nearly died of exposure on the cold mountain.

他在寒冷的高山上差一点没有冻死。

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hunger

难度:3星常用词汇,属常用6000词

英汉解释

n. 饥饿; 渴望

v. 饿; 渴望; 使 ... 饥饿

参考例句

用作名词 (n.)

My hunger for magic is clouding my judgement!

我对魔法的渴望已经淡化了我的判断力。

用作动词 (v.)

His hunger for knowledge drove him to the library.

他对求知的强烈渴望驱使他上图书馆。

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biology

难度:4星核心词汇,属常用3000词

英汉解释

n.生物学;(一个地区的全部)生物;生物群落

参考例句

用作名词 (n.)

He is an environmentalist with a passion of the biology and geography of the region.

他是一个环保人士,对这个地区的生物和地理很有热情。

He is knowledgeable about the biology of the honeybee.

他对蜜蜂的生活规律知之甚多。

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saving

英汉解释

n. 节约; 挽救

(复数)savings:储蓄金; 存款

prep. 除 ... 之外

conj. 除了; 除去

save的现在分词

参考例句

用作名词 (n.)

A saving of 30% is obtainable under this scheme.

按这一计划做可以获得百分之三十的节约率。

用作介词 (prep.)

It was debated whether saving grace could be obtained outside the membership of the church.

人们在争论除了加入教会之外还有没有其它好处。

用作连词 (conj.)

Apart from saving you time, it also brings in a world of information and knowledge and acquaints you with the latest happenings in your fields of interest.

除了能够为你节省时间,它也能将你带入到一个信息和知识的世界,它能让你接触到你所感兴趣领域里最新的信息。

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troop

难度:4星核心词汇,属常用3000词

英汉解释

n.群;组;军队;大量

vi.群集;结队;成群前行

参考例句

用作名词 (n.)

There is a troop of monkeys in the woods.

林子中有一群猴子。

用作不及物动词 (vi.)

We trooped into the meeting.

我们一起走进会常

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stock

难度:5星基本词汇,属常用1000词

英汉解释

n.存货;储备;树干;股票;股份;家畜;血统;汤汁;声望

v.采购;储存;供给;发新芽

adj.惯用的;存货的

参考例句

用作名词 (n.)

We have a large stock of tinned fruit.

我们有大批水果罐头的存货。

用作动词 (v.)

We must stock up with food for the holiday.

我们必须采购一些食品以备假期之需。

用作形容词 (adj.)

She's tired of her husband's stock jokes.

她已听厌了丈夫那老一套的俏皮话。

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labour

难度:4星核心词汇,属常用3000词

英汉解释

n.劳动;劳工;分娩

v.努力;干苦力活;困难吃力地行进;反复说明

Labour

n.(英国)工党

参考例句

用作名词 (n.)

Labour is not only a necessity but also a pleasure.

劳动不仅是人生所必需的,而且是一种乐趣。

用作动词 (v.)

We labour for the happiness of mankind.

我们为人类的幸福而努力。

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