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新闻万花筒:VOA视角之乌克兰在围困之下等待致命武器援助的决定

1 1957 分享 来源:必克英语 2015-02-06

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Under Siege, Ukraine Awaits Decision on Lethal Aid

At the last checkpoint before the battle zone, Ukrainian troops keep a careful watch on who goes in, while families squeeze into cars to leave and busloads of children head out to relatives or shelters.

Just beyond is the mostly deserted town of Papasna, which has repeatedly been hit by shelling. Many of those who remain support the rebels and are not happy to see Western visitors.

Mayor Yuriy Onishenko and a handful of his staff members, who are loyal to the Kyiv government, try to keep working amid the shelling.

“As mayor, I can not even list all my functions, because everything depends on me now," Onishenko said. "The first half of my working day, my deputy and I go in my personal car, and the seven or eight city workers I still have also go out, and we bring hot food to the people taking shelter in the basements.”

Not far away is Debaltseve, where Ukrainian troops are holding on, in the face of a siege that's lasted more than a week.

The new governor of the partly occupied Donetsk region, Ukrainian Army General Alexander Kihtenko, is clear on what is needed.

“Of course, as a military man, as a general of the Ukrainian army, I can say that, yes, we really need military aid today, including communication and reconnaissance equipment, and other modern weaponry, probably anti-tank weapons," Kihtenko said. "We have specialists who can use modern weapons. But of course some instructors would also be helpful.”

The governor has a new artifact in his office: a piece of one of the shells officials say hit the city of Mariupol two weeks ago, killing 30 people.

Western economic sanctions have not persuaded Russian President Vladimir Putin to back off on his support for the rebels. Providing weapons would increase the pressure, but the reaction is hard to predict, said analyst Yaroslav Voitko of the International Center for Policy Studies in Kyiv.

Provision of lethal weapons might convince Putin "that the world is serious in stopping this," Voitko said. "But his reactions could not be predicted, and anything, unfortunately, is possible.”

It is that unpredictability that has kept the foreign weapons out so far. But beleaguered troops may soon be getting more help, as they struggle to hold the line.

词汇解析

extend

难度:4星核心词汇,属常用3000词

英汉解释

v.延伸;延长;伸展;扩展;提供;使竭尽全力

参考例句

用作动词 (v.)

Our playing fields extend as far as those trees.

我们的操场延伸到那些树前。

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involve

难度:5星基本词汇,属常用1000词

英汉解释

vt.包含;使忙于;牵涉;使卷入;使陷入

参考例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)

A letter of credit will involve unnecessary extra charges.

信用证包含有不必要的额外开支。

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poverty

难度:4星核心词汇,属常用3000词

英汉解释

n.贫困;贫乏;劣质

参考例句

用作名词 (n.)

They were handicapped by (a) poverty of resources.

他们因资源短缺处境窘迫。

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moderate

难度:4星核心词汇,属常用3000词

英汉解释

adj.适度的;温和的;稳健的;中等的

v.节制;使 ... 稳定,使 ... 缓和

n.稳健的人

参考例句

用作形容词 (adj.)

The team enjoyed only moderate success last season.

上个赛季,这个球队只取得了中等成绩。

用作动词 (v.)

He moderated his tone when the students burst out in tears.

当这个学生掉下眼泪时,他缓和了他的声音。

用作名词 (n.)

He is a moderate.

他是个稳健的人

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sponsor

难度:2星扩展词汇,属常用10000词

英汉解释

n.保证人;赞助者;发起者;主办者

v.发起;赞助;倡议

参考例句

用作名词 (n.)

Your sponsor may assist in organising this insurance.

你的担保人可以帮助你办理此类保险。

用作动词 (v.)

The senator announced that he would sponsor the health care plan.

这位参议员宣布他将发起这一保健计划。

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academic

难度:4星核心词汇,属常用3000词

英汉解释

adj.学院的;学术的;理论的

n.大学教师,大学生;学者,学究

参考例句

用作形容词 (adj.)

Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema was an English painter in the academic tradition.

阿尔玛·台德玛是学院派的英国画家。

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funeral

难度:3星常用词汇,属常用6000词

英汉解释

adj.葬礼(的)

n.葬礼

参考例句

用作形容词 (adj.)

Their cars headed the funeral procession.

他们的车队在葬礼队伍的最前面。

用作名词 (n.)

They held a state funeral in honour of the statesman.

他们为这位政治家举行了国葬。

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