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风景掠影-美国大峡谷

The Grand Canyon, United States
美国 大峡谷


A steep gorge by the Colorado River, Arizona in United States, this has the most enjoyable scenery. It is 277 miles in length, 4 to 18 miles in width and about a mile in depth. Scientists are of the opinion that the canyon has been created by the Colorado River over a six million year period.

位于美国亚利桑那州科罗拉多河两侧深深的峡谷是最让人流连忘返的。该峡谷长277英里,宽度在4-18英里之间,深1英里。科学家们认为这个峡谷是在六百万年前是由科罗拉多河冲刷而成。

Native Americans built settlements in the caves within the canyon before the emigration of Europeans. It was also considered to be a site of pilgrimage by the Pueblo people. The first recorded visit to the Grand Canyon by the Europeans was in 1869. Although, it is not the deepest canyon in the world, it is known for its extremely huge size and beautifully intricate landscape. The Grand Canyon National Park is said to be one of the first National Parks in the United States and attracts more than five million visitors a year. Weather conditions in the Grand Canyon vary a great deal between seasons as well as elevation. While winter snow is experienced by the higher elevated forested rims, the inner gorge has a desert temperature because of the low elevation.

在欧洲移民到美洲之前,美国原住民已在峡谷的洞穴里居住。该峡谷被普韦布洛民族奉为一处朝圣之地。根据记录,欧洲人首次来到这个地方时间是在1869年。尽管这不是世界上最深的峡谷,但因其极为恢弘的规模及错综复杂色而享有盛誉。大峡谷国家公园据说是美国第一个的国家公园,每年吸引了超过五百万的游客。尽管,在地势较高被森林覆盖的边缘,冬天白雪皑皑。而峡谷内部因为地势较低则是一片荒漠。

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