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【英语词组】春节实用词汇

1 1005 分享 来源:必克英语 2019-01-02

【英语词组】春节实用词汇

Greeting Season:

春节 The Spring Festival

  

 农历 lunar calendar 

  

  正月 lunar January; the first month by lunar calendar 

  

  除夕 New Year‘s Eve; eve of lunar New Year 

  

  初一 the beginning of New Year

  

  元宵节 The Lantern Festival 

  
  

  Customs:

  

  过年 Guo-nian; have the Spring Festival 

  

  对联 poetic1 couplet: two successive rhyming lines in poetry

  

  春联 Spring Festival couplets

  

  剪纸 paper-cuts

  

  年画 New Year paintings

  

  买年货 special purchases for the Spring Festival ; do Spring Festival shopping

  

  敬酒 propose a toast

  

  灯笼 lantern: a portable light

  

  烟花 fireworks

  

  爆竹 firecrackers (People scare off evil spirits and ghosts with the loud pop.)

  
  红包 red packets (cash wrapped up in red paper, symbolize2 fortune and wealth in the coming  year.) 
  

  舞狮 lion dance (The lion is believed to be able to dispel3 evil and bring good luck.)

  

  舞龙 dragon dance (to expect good weather and good harvests)

  

  戏曲 traditional opera

  

  杂耍 variety show; vaudeville

  

  灯谜 riddles4 written on lanterns

  

  灯会 exhibit of lanterns

  

  守岁 staying-up

  

  拜年 pay New Year‘s call; give New Year‘s greetings; New Year‘s visit

  

  禁忌 taboo

  

  去晦气 get rid of the ill- fortune

  
  祭祖宗 offer sacrifices to one‘s ancestors

  

  压岁钱 gift money; money given to children as a lunar New Year gift 

   

  辞旧岁 bid farewell to the old year

  

  扫房 spring cleaning; general house-cleaning

  
    

  祝你新的一年快乐幸福: Wish you happiness and prosperity in the coming year!

  

  事业成功,家庭美满: Wish you success in your career and happiness of your family!

  
  

  Food names: 

  

  年糕 Nian-gao; rise cake; New Year cake 

  

  团圆饭 family reunion dinner 


  年夜饭 the dinner on New Year‘s Eve 
  

  饺子 Jiao-zi; Chinese meat ravioli

  

  汤圆 Tang-yuan; dumplings made of sweet rice, rolled into balls and stuffed with either sweet or spicy fillings

  

  八宝饭 eight treasures rice pudding

  

  糖果盘 candy tray:

  

  什锦糖 assorted candies - sweet and fortune 

  

  蜜冬瓜 candied winter melon - growth and good health

  

  西瓜子 red melon seed - joy, happiness, truth and sincerity 

  

  金桔 cumquat - prosperity 

  
  糖莲子 candied lotus seed - many descendents to come 
  

  糖藕 candied lotus root - fulfilling love relationship

  
  红枣 red dates - prosperity
  

  花生糖 peanut candy - sweet


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