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当前位置:首页>英语沙龙>英语话题>高中英语语法大全:固定搭配用法总结【重点精华】
5144高中英语语法大全:固定搭配用法总结【重点精华】

外教一对一课程领取私人定制英语学习方法

52018-08-03 10:08:35

高中英语语法大全:固定搭配用法总结【重点精华】

1.It’s the first time that……….(从句中用现在完成时)

It was for the first time that………(强调句,对状语for the first time进行强调)

It’s (high) time that……..(从句中用过去时或should do)

2.It’sthe same with sb. / So it is with sb.

表示某人也如此(用于前句中既有肯定又有否定或两个不同类的谓语动词)

3. …be about to do / be doing……when…….正要做/正在做……就在那时…….

4.A is twice / three times as +原级+as B A是B的两倍/三倍

A is twice / three times the n. of B. A的…是B的两倍/三倍

A is twice / three times +比较级+than B A比B多两倍/三倍

5.It’s a waste of time / money doing / to do…做……浪费时间/金钱

It’s no use / good doing……… 做……是没有用的

It’s possible / probable / (un) likely that………. 很可能……

It makes great / no sense to do……做某事很有/没意义

6. There’s no use / good doing……. 做……没有用

There’s no sense / point (in) doing…… 做……没有意义

There is no need for sth. / to do……. 没有过必要做……

There is (no) possibility that…………(同位语从句)很可能/没可能……

7.The+比较级……..,the+比较级………越…….., 越…….

  注意:前半句为从句,用一般现在时代替将来时;

8.Itseems / appears ( to sb. ) that sb…….在某人看来某人………

= Sb.seems / appears to be / to do / to be doing / to have done……..

It seems / looks as if……….好象/似乎……..

9.It (so)happened that sb. ……..某人碰巧……..

= Sb. happened to be / to do / to be doing /to have done…..

10.It issaid / thought / believed / hoped / supposed …….that sb………

=Sb. issaid to be / to do / to be doing / to have done……….

(注意:这种句型里如带动词hope则不能变成简单句,因为无hopesb. to do结构)

12.…….such…….that…….如此…….以致于(引导结果状语从句)

…….such……..as……像……..的这种……(as为关系代词,引导定语从句,在从句里充当主、宾、表)

13. Doyou mind if I do sth.? / Would you mind if I did sth.? 你介意我做……吗?

14. Thechance is that……../ (The )Chances are that……….很可能…….

15.Check/ Make sure / See to it / See that……..(从句中常用一般现在时) 确信/务必……..

16.depend on it that……..取决于

see to it that…….负责/设法做到…….

  注意:除了except / but / in等介词可以直接接that从句,其它介词后必须用it做形式宾语;

17.It is/ was +介词短语/ 从句/ 名词/代词等+that………

How /When / Where / Why is / was it that………..?

  注意:此句型为强调句,当被强调的为表示人的词时,还可用who连接;强调主语时,从句后的谓语动词应与前面的主语保持一致;注意与定语从句的区别)

18.How is it that……..(这几个句型都表示“怎么会…….?” “怎么发生的?”)

How come+从句?

How does / did sth. come about? ( How did it come about that…….?)

  如:How come you are late again?

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19. There seems / appears / happens to be / must be / can’t be / is (are, was, were) said to be / is (are, was, were) thought to be…….

  表示 “.似乎有/碰巧有/一定有/不可能有/ 据说有/认为有……..”

  介词(如of )there being

want /wish / expect there to be要/希望/期待有……..

adj. /adv. enough for there to be…….足够…….会有…….

  注意:there being / there to be为there be的非谓语形式;It is said / thought that there is / are……=There is / was / are / were said (thought) to be……. 如:

Eg: I have never dream of there being such a good chance for me.

It won’t be cold enough for there to be a frost tonight.

20. 疑问词+插入语+陈述语序?

Eg: Whodo you think he’ll have attend the meeting?

21. But for + n. / pron., sb. / sth. would (not) have done…..要不是…….,某人早就……(表示虚拟语气)=If it had not been for…..,……./If there had not been ……..


22. It won(’t) be long before +从句(从句中用一般现在时)不久/很久就要…….

It was (not) long before+从句(从句中用一般过去时)不久/很久才……..

23. Those who………….(从句及主句中谓语动词用复数形式).

Anyone who…………= Whoever………..(从句及主句中谓语动词用单数形式)

24…….主句(一般现在时或过去时)…...when从句….(might/ should do或might / should have done) 表示”对比”,意思为 “本该……(可)而却”,主句中为陈述语气,从句里为虚拟语气

Eg: Why are you here when you should be in school?你本该上学的怎么在这儿?

He stopped trying when he might have succeeded .本该已成功了他却停止努力了.

25. There is ./ Sb. have no doubt that………(同位语从句,that不可省略) 毫无疑问……

There is / Sb. have some doubt whether……..(同位语从句不可用if)不确定…是否…

Sb. doubt if / whether……. 某人怀疑是否……

Sb. don’t doubt that……… 某人不怀疑……

26.immediately / directly / instantly / the moment +从句

on / upon + n. / doing

No sooner had sb. done than …….(过去时)

Hardly had sb. done when……..(过去时)

  注意:这几个结构都表示“一…….就”;

27. every time / each time / the last time / the first time / next time +从句(名词性短语引导一个时间状语句)

anywhere / everywhere +从句(相当于wherever引导的地点状语从句)

Eg: You can go anywhere you like.

Next time you come, please bring your son along.

28.Ifonly / I wish +从句(用过去类时态) 表示虚拟语气, “要是…….就好了” “但愿……就好了!”

29.Considering+ n. 或 pron. 或 that从句 / Seeing that……….考虑到/鉴于…….

Given + n. / pron作状语,表示 “在有……的情况下” “如果有” “假定”,有时也表示”考虑到”

Eg:Seeing (that) he refused to help us, there is no reason why we should help him now.

Given good health, I hope to finish the work this year.

Given their inexperience / that they are inexperienced, they’ve done a good job.

30.Therewas a time when…….曾经有那么一度……… 

 

 

 

 

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