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法律常用英语词汇大全,一文搞掂!(一)

1 422 分享 来源:必克英语 2019-03-11

法律常用英语词汇大全,一文搞掂!(一)下面是在法律上常用的英语词汇及常用名词短语。简单介绍了法律常用的英语句子, 想要学好法律英语,需要掌握关于法律的英语词组短句!(免费领取一对一英语训练课http://www.spiiker.com/daily/?qd=king,让英语说得更6


Accused 被告

The fifteen accused, young men fromdifferent parts of England, denied the charges.

被告是15名来自英格兰各地的年轻男子,他们对指控矢口否认。

 

Action 诉讼

Two leading law firms are to prepare legalactions against tobacco companies.

两家很有名的律师事务所准备向烟草公司提起诉讼。

 

Adjudicate 裁决

The international court of justice might bea suitable place to adjudicate claims.

国际法庭或许是对所有权作出裁决的合适之地。

 

Adjourn (使)休庭

The court may not adjourn until three oreven later.

法庭要到3点或更晚时才会休庭。

 

Affidavit 宣誓证言

The lawyer invited his client to subscribethe affidavit.

律师请他的客户在宣誓证言上签了名。

 

Appeal 上诉

We intend to appeal the verdict.

我们打算对裁决提出上诉。

 

Bail 保释

He was yesterday given bail by SouthYorkshire magistrates.

昨天南约克郡法院准予他获得保释。

 

Civil action 民事诉讼

She brought a civil action against one ofher neighbours.

她对她的一个邻居提出民事诉讼。

 

Contempt of court 藐视法庭

He faced imprisonment for contempt ofcourt.

他因藐视法庭面临监禁。

 

Continuance 诉讼延期

His attorney succeeds in getting a onemonth continuance.

他的律师成功申请到诉讼延期1个月。

 

Convict 定罪

That jury will never convict me.

陪审团才不会给我定罪。

 

Counterclaim 反诉

The producers filed a counterclaimasserting the copyright claims were baseless.

制作人团队提起反诉,声称版权诉讼毫无根据。

 

Court order 法庭指令

She has decided not to appeal against acourt order banning her from keeping animals.

对于法院禁止她饲养动物的指令,她决定不再上诉。

 

Cross-examination 交叉讯问

The witness tripped up rather badly underclose cross-examination.

这个证人在严密的交叉盘问之下破绽百出。

 

Custody 羁押,拘留

Two more suspects have now been taken intocustody.

又有两个嫌疑人被拘留了。

 

Damages 损害赔偿

A High Court judge had awarded him £6million damages.

高级法院法官裁定他获得600万英镑的损失赔偿金。

 

Defendant 被告

The defence pleaded insanity, but thedefendant was found guilty and sentenced.

辩方以精神错乱为由进行申辩,但被告被判有罪并获刑。

 

Dismissal (案件)驳回(动词为dismiss)

The judge announced the dismissal of thecase.

法官宣布驳回该案。

 

Evidence 证据,证物,证词

The forensic scientists who carried out theoriginal tests will be called to give evidence.

进行最初化验的法医学家将被传唤到庭作证。

 

Felony 重罪

Every defendant charged with a felony has aright to be charged by the Grand Jury.

重罪案被告都有权由大陪审团审理。

 

Forfeiture 没收(财产等)

The forfeiture of illegally obtainedprofits is part of the penalty.

没收非法获利是处罚的一部分。

 

Guilty 有罪的

Four men were found guilty of breach of thepeace.

四名男子被判扰乱治安罪名成立。

 

Incarceration 监禁

This time his period of incarceration willlast longer.

这一次,他的监禁期要长一些。

 

Indictment 诉状,起诉书

The government's indictment against thethree men alleged unlawful trading.

政府在对这三个人的起诉书中指控他们从事非法贸易。

 

Insanity Plea(plea of insanity) 以精神错乱为由抗辩

Phillips murdered his wife, but got off ona plea of insanity.

菲利普斯谋杀了他的妻子,但以精神错乱为由逃脱了惩罚。

 

Judgment 判决

注:这个词有两个拼法,judgment和judgement,用于指代法庭相关的“判决,判决书”等意思时多用judgment,而用于非法律相关的“判断”之意时多用judgement。

The Court is expected to give its judgmentwithin the next ten days.

法庭应于10日内作出判决。

 

Jurisdiction 司法权,管辖权

The court has no jurisdiction over foreigndiplomats living in this country.

法院对驻本国的外交官无裁判权。

 

Jury 陪审团

The six-person jury deliberated about twohours before returning with the verdict.

6人陪审团认真商议了约两个小时后作出了裁定。

 

Legal Aid 法律援助(指对无钱聘请律师或进行诉讼者给予的专业法律援助)

If she gets that far, Jane may get legalaid to take her case to court.

如果走到那个地步,简也许能得到法律援助去打官司。

 

Litigant 诉讼当事人

Plaintiffs and defendants are bothlitigants.

原告和被告都属于诉讼当事人。

 

Mediation 调解

All efforts of mediation by a third partywere in vain at all.

第三方的所有调解尝试均告失败。

 

Misdemeanor 不法行为,轻罪

Since when does a misdemeanordrunk-in-public need 2 detectives?

何时开始在公共场合醉酒这样的轻罪要出动两个探员?

 

Motion (诉讼参与方或者与案件相关的一方向法官提出的)动议

 He is eligible now to file a motion for anew trial.

他现在有资格提议重新进行审判。

 

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